A Human Rights Watch report called the homosexuality tests “invasive, intrusive, abusive, and profoundly humiliating…a form of torture, carried out in violation of international standards and professional principles”.
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In turn, influential businessmen may, together, seek to shape an institutional environment that is friendly to the private sector in general, as opposed to a limited number of their members.
After the 2011 uprising, they lost political sway due to their ties to the regime of former president Hosni Mubarak.
However, Egypt’s economic crisis pushed successive regimes to reverse measures taken against these enterprises, affirming their role in economic revitalization.
Five of the defendants in Monday's trial - the owner of the bathhouse and four staff members - were tried for facilitating debauchery in exchange for money.
Human rights activists say 2014 was the worst year in a decade for Egypt's gay community, with at least 150 men arrested or put on trial.
Though cut off from patronage networks after Egypt’s 2013 coup, enterprises are more autonomous from the state today.
This may create advantageous openings if the state’s dependence on them grows.
It is too early to say whether this increasing economic autonomy will translate into political autonomy in the future.
Large enterprises are not likely to play a visible political role in the current context in Egypt.
Mr Moussa went on to allege that the force has evidence to suggest that members of the group had published naked photos of themselves online.
He added that the government had monitored the men, and created fake webpages to entrap them.
Even though the uprising and its aftermath hardly reduced the economic weight and power of big businesses, their political sway was considerably diminished compared to the time of former president Hosni Mubarak.