203 – March 11, 222), was Roman emperor from 218 to 222.
This tradition has persisted, and with writers of the early modern age he suffers one of the worst reputations among Roman emperors.
Edward Gibbon, for example, wrote that Elagabalus "abandoned himself to the grossest pleasures and ungoverned fury".
Macrinus and his son, weakened by the desertion of the Second Legion due to bribes and promises circulated by Julia Maesa, were defeated on 8 June 218 at the Battle of Antioch by troops commanded by Gannys.
This violated tradition but was a common practice among 3rd-century emperors nonetheless.
The deity Elagabalus was initially venerated at Emesa.
This form of the god's name is a Latinized version of the Syrian Ilāh hag-Gabal, which derives from Ilāh (a Semitic word for "god") and gabal (an Arabic word for "mountain"), resulting in "the God of the Mountain," the Emesene manifestation of the deity.Later historians suggest Elagabalus showed a disregard for Roman religious traditions and sexual taboos.He replaced the traditional head of the Roman pantheon, Jupiter, with the deity Elagabalus, of whom he had been high priest.At sunrise on 16 May 218, Publius Valerius Comazon, commander of the legion, declared him emperor.In response Macrinus dispatched his Praetorian prefect Ulpius Julianus to the region with a contingent of troops he considered strong enough to crush the rebellion.His behavior estranged the Praetorian Guard, the Senate, and the common people alike.